EMDR therapy is an integrative psychotherapeutic approach helping to process stuck information. When a traumatic event appears, it gets locked in the brain. This locked information in the brain with the original picture, sound, thoughts, feelings, gets unprocessed and often continues to be triggered by a variety of remainders and is responsible for their frequent negative feelings of helplessness, hopelessness, fear, shame, and so forth. Those are old emotions connected with the past experience that are being triggered. The eye movement approach in EMDR seems to unlock the nervous system and allow your brain to process the traumatic experience using bilateral eye motion. It is very similar to REM rapid eye dreaming state, where we process unconscious material which arises during sleep to be processed.
The disturbing event can be imprisoned and isolated from memory network in the brain, which prevents learning about ourselves. When we start processing with EMDR, another part of the brain, in a separate memory network is being accessed and can be lead to another old negative memory. Finally the two associations can link up and be resolved.
We move traumatic memories out of short-term memory banks where it feels like a terrifying flash happening “right now” into long-term memory banks where we feel it’s past and we’re over it.